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Cuddalore is a beautiful tourist spot located in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This town is known for its natural beauty and beaches and which attract the tourists round the year. It is believed that Cuddalore got its name from the word Koodalur, which means confluence in Tamil. Cuddalore is the place where Penniyar, Kedilam and Parvanar rivers meet. This town is well settled in the industrial sector. Cuddalore is the house of fishing industries, port related industries, chemical, pharmacological and energy industries. Travelling to the town of Cuddalore can be possible through roadways as it is the major means of transport, while the town also has railway connectivity. But there is no airways connectivity in the town and no flights options, and the nearest airport is in Chennai which is about 200 km away from the town. This town has great options for the tourists to visit here gain and again. Many tourists’ places of this town are well known all over the country which lure the tourists. Silver Beach, Thillai Kali Temple, Thiruvandipuram Temple and Veeratteswarar Temple are the major attractions of the town.
History of Cuddalore
Being a sea port and strategically located Cuddalore had been a subject of contention among European powers including the Dutch, the Portuguese, the French and the British . With the French establishing themselves at Puducherry and the British in Cuddalore, a Seven Years' Naval War was fought between the British and Portuguese which finally culminated in the Battle of Cuddalore in 1758.The town was returned to the British as part of a peace treaty after the siege of Cuddalore. The French troops were finally sent home in 1783 by General James Stuart after which it cam under the direct control of the British.
Geography and Climate of Cuddalore
Cuddalore is located at11.75°N 78.45°E and at an elevation of 1m from the sea level. There is a large deposit of black and alluvia soil on the land and sandstone. The Penniyar, Kedilam and Parvanar rivers flow through the town. The best season to visit Cuddalore is October to March when the days are warm and nights are cool. The weather is pleasant during these months. The summer starts from March and the temperature reaches on the peak by the end of May and June. The average temperature in summer is 25° to 45°, and in winter is 12° to 35°. The South-West Monsoon reaches the town in the month of June and lasts till September. The average rainfall in the town is 1400mm. The nearest city to Cuddalore is Puducherry about 20 km away from the town and it is situated about 200km away from the state capital Chennai, where the nearest airport is located.
Culture of Cuddalore
Cuddalore is the symbol of historical and religious culture. Religious culture of the town can be seen in the famous temples located here. Pataleeswarar Hindu Temple was established in 7th century, which is the most eminent landmark of the town and always crowded by the pilgrims. Devanathaswami Temple is another Hindu Temple, which is located in Thiruvanthipuram and a famous pilgrim site in Cuddalore. Silver Beach is another aspect of culture of Cuddalore. It is 2 km long beach and the famous tourist spot which attract them round the year. You can even enjoy the lush green islands located near the town which are also the part of its significant culture. The culture of town can also be seen in the festivals which are celebrated here such as Pongal, Mariamman Festivals, Ayuda Pujai, and Karthigai Deepam. These festivals depict the real colours and grace of the town, which are celebrated with great zest and pomp. The culture of the town can be seen in the local markets, streets and even in the houses. Fort St. David and The Garden House are also the cultural attractions in the town which are known for their architectural work.
Transportation of Cuddalore
Cuddalore is well connected to the nearby cities by roadways and railways. You can easily reach Cuddalore by buses and trains. Cuddalore doesn’t have its own official airport. The nearest airport is located in Pudducherry about 25km away from Cuddalore and international airport is located in Chennai which is about 200km away from the town. But there are frequent buses available to and from Cuddalore to travel, which connect the town to the nearby cities such as Chennai, Trichy, Salem, Tiruvannamalai, Pondicherry, Coimbatore, Madurai, Palani and Hosur. TNSTC operates regular short and long distance buses from Cuddalore to other nearby cities and states and makes your journey easy and convenient. You can also travel by trains to and from Cuddalore. Cuddalore has two active railway stations, namely, Cuddalore Port Junction and Tiruppadirippuliyur. These two stations serve with regular passenger and express trains to various cities such as Chennai, Madurai, Rameshwaram, Tirupati, Tiruchirappalli, Pondicherry, Mumbai, Bangalore, Villupuram, Vridachalam, Bhubaneswar and so on.
Cuddalore Facts and Figures
Geographical Area: 27.69 sq km Altitude: 1 m above sea level Latitude: 75°N Longitude: 78.45°E Population (2011): 1,73,361 Average Temperature: 45° (Max), 12° (Min) Rainfall: 1400mm Language: Tamil Best Time to Visit: October to March STD Code: 04142